Native Dancer, född 27 mars 1950, död 16 november 1967, kallad The Gray Ghost, var ett engelskt fullblod, mest känd för att ha tagit 21 segrar på 22 starter, och segrat i Preakness Stakes (1953) och Belmont Stakes (1953). Han var en av de mest hyllade tävlingshästar i amerikansk historia och var den första hästen som blev känd via TV. Han valdes in i National Museum of Racing och Hall of Fame 1963. I tidningen Blood-Horses lista över de 100 bästa galopphästarna på 1900-talet rankades han sjua.

Native Dancer
Native Dancer (USA).jpg
SmeknamnThe Gray Ghost
KönHingst
FöddUSA 4 april 1950
DödUSA 16 november 1967 (17 år)
FärgSkimmel
RasEngelskt fullblod
SportGaloppsport
Härstamning
EfterPolynesian
UndanGeisha
UndanefterDiscovery
UppfödareAlfred G. Vanderbilt II
Personal
TränareWilliam C. Winfrey
ÄgareUSA Alfred G. Vanderbilt II
Karriär
Antal starter22 st
Antal segrar21 st
Segerprocent95 %
Startprissumma785 240 USD[1]
Större segrar i urval
Youthful Stakes (1952)
Flash Stakes (1952)
Saratoga Special Stakes (1952)
Grand Union Hotel Stakes (1952)
Hopeful Stakes (1952)
Futurity Stakes (1952)
East View Stakes (1952)
Gotham Stakes (1953)
Wood Memorial (1953)
Withers Stakes (1953)
Dwyer Stakes (1953)
Arlington Classic (1953)
Travers Stakes (1953)
American Derby (1953)
Metropolitan Handicap (1954)

Segrar i Triple Crown-löp:
Preakness Stakes (1953)
Belmont Stakes (1953)

Utmärkelser
American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt (1952)
TSB/TRA Horse of the Year (1952)
American Champion Three-Year-Old Male Horse (1953)
American Champion Older Male Horse (1954)
American Horse of the Year (1954)
United States Racing Hall of Fame (1963)
Externa länkar
Native Dancer hos Equibase
Hästsportsportalen

BakgrundRedigera

Native Dancer var en gråskimmelhingst efter Polynesian och under Geisha (efter Discovery). Native Dancer föddes upp och ägdes av Alfred G. Vanderbilt II. Han tränades under tävlingskarriären av William C. Winfrey.

Native Dancer tävlade mellan 1952 och 1954, och sprang totalt in 785 240 dollar på 22 starter, varav 21 segrar och 1 andraplats. Han tog karriärens största segrar i Preakness Stakes (1953) och Belmont Stakes (1953). Han segrade även i Youthful Stakes (1952), Flash Stakes (1952), Saratoga Special Stakes (1952), Grand Union Hotel Stakes (1952), Hopeful Stakes (1952), Futurity Stakes (1952), East View Stakes (1952), Gotham Stakes (1953), Wood Memorial (1953), Withers Stakes (1953), Dwyer Stakes (1953), Arlington Classic (1953), Travers Stakes (1953), American Derby (1953) och Metropolitan Handicap (1954).

KarriärRedigera

Native Dancer var obesegrad i sina nio starter som tvååring[2], och röstades fram till American Horse of the Year[3] av två av tre stora branschtidningar.[4] One Count röstades fram i den andra.[5]

Som treåring fick Native Dancer tidigt uppmärksamhet i media fram till Kentucky Derby 1953. Han segrade i Gotham Stakes och det prestigefyllda Wood Memorial, men i Kentucky Derby förlorade han för enda gången i karriären. I Kentucky Derby den 2 maj startade Native Dancer, obesegrad i elva lopp, som klar favorit.[6] I löpet tog Dark Star ledningen i första sväng[7], och Native Dancer sparade sin spurt till upploppet. Dark Star fick en ledning med ett par längder, och även fast Native Dancer spurtade snabbt, höll Dark Star undan och segrade med ett huvud.[8][9][10]

Native Dancer segrade därefter i Preakness, Belmont och Travers Stakes, en bedrift som fram till dess endast uppnåtts av Duke of Magenta, Grenada, Man o' War och Whirlaway. Native Dancer avslutade treåringssäsongen med nio vinster (alla i stakeslöp) på tio starter och utsågs till Champion Three-Year Old Colt. I omröstningen till American Horse of the Year kom han på andra plats bakom Tom Fool, som hade vunnit alla sina tio starter.[11][12]

Som fyraåring gjorde Native Dancer endast tre starter, innan han tvingades att avsluta tävlingskarriären på grund av en skada.[13] Han utsågs igen till American Horse of the Year.[14][15] Många anser att Native Dancer var den första hästen som blev känd via TV.[16][17]

Som avelshingstRedigera

Som avelshingst fick Native Dancer 43 stakesvinnare (eller 44 enligt en källa) från 306 avkommor.[18] Hans manliga ättlingar, särskilt genom hans barnbarn Mr. Prospector, har dominerat de amerikanska Triple Crown-löpen. Han är också morfar till Northern Dancer, utan tvekan den mest inflytelserika hingsten på 1900-talet.

Även om Native Dancer aldrig blev ledande avelshingst i Nordamerika, slutade han tvåa 1966 och sexa 1965. Han var också tvåa över ledande avelshingst i Storbritannien och Irland 1963 och sjua på den franska listan 1963.[19]

DödRedigera

Native Dancer dog den 16 november 1967 efter att en tumör på tunntarmens vägg avlägsnats. Han begravdes på Sagamore Farm.[20][21]

StatistikRedigera

Datum Ålder Dist. Löp Bana Odds Fält Plac. Tid Marginal Ref.
19 april 1952 2 5 furlongs Maiden Special Weight Jamaica 7-5 9 1 0:5935 4 12 längd [22]
23 april 1952 2 5 furlongs Youthful Stakes Jamaica 9-10 12 1 0:5925 6 längder [23]
4 augusti 1952 2 5 12 furlongs Flash Stakes Saratoga 4-5 7 1 1:06 2 14 längd [24]
16 augusti 1952 2 6 furlongs Saratoga Special Saratoga 7-10 8 1 1:1315 3 12 längd [25]
23 augusti 1952 2 6 furlongs Grand Union Hotel Stakes Saratoga 1-2 5 1 1:1115 3 12 längd [26]
30 augusti 1952 2 6 12 furlongs Hopeful Stakes Saratoga 1-4 7 1 1:1845 2 längder [27]
22 september 1952 2 6 furlongs Special Weight Belmont Park 2-5 8 1 1:0935 1 14 längd [28]
27 september 1952 2 6 12 furlongs Belmont Futurity Belmont Park 2-5 10 1 1:1425[a] 2 14 längd [29]
23 oktober 1952 2 1 116 miles East View Stakes Jamaica 1-5 6 1 1:4415 1 12 längd [30]
18 april 1953 3 1 116 miles Gotham Stakes Jamaica 3-20 9 1 1:4415 2 längder [31]
25 april 1953 3 1 18 miles Wood Memorial Jamaica 1-10 7 1 1:5035 4 12 längd [32]
2 maj 1953 3 1 14 miles Kentucky Derby Churchill Downs 7-10 11 2 2:02 (huvud) [33]
16 maj 1953 3 1 mile Withers Stakes Belmont Park 1-20 3 1 1:3615 4 längder [34]
23 maj 1953 3 1 316 miles Preakness Stakes Pimlico 1-5 7 1 1:5745 hals [35]
13 juni 1953 3 1 12 miles Belmont Stakes Belmont Park 9-20 6 1 2:2835 hals [36]
4 juli 1953 3 1 14 miles Dwyer Stakes Aqueduct 1-20 5 1 2:0515 1 34 längd [37]
18 juli 1953 3 1 mile Arlington Classic Arlington Park 7-10 8 1 1:38 9 längder [38]
15 augusti 1953 3 1 14 miles Travers Stakes Saratoga 1-20 5 1 2:0535 5 12 längd [39]
22 augusti 1953 3 1 18 miles American Derby Washington Park 1-10 8 1 1:4825 2 längder [40]
7 maj 1954 4 6 furlongs Allowance Belmont Park 3-20 7 1 1:1145 1 14 längd [41]
15 maj 1954 4 1 mile Metropolitan Handicap Belmont Park 1-4 9 1 1:3515 hals [42]
1 augusti 1954 4 7 furlongs Oneonta Handicap Saratoga n/a[b] 3 1 1:2415 9 längder [43]
  1. ^ tangerat världsrekord
  2. ^ inget totospel tilläts

StamtavlaRedigera

Native Dancer[44]s stamtavla
Efter
Polynesian
Br.,1942
Unbreakable
Blk.,1935
Sickle (GB) Phalaris (GB)
Selene (GB)
Blue Grass (FR) Prince Palatine (GB)
Hour Glass
Black Polly
B.,1936
Polymelian (GB) Polymelus (GB)
Pasquita (GB)
Black Queen Pompey
Black Maria
Undan
Geisha (USA)
Gr.,1943
Discovery
Ch.,1931
Display Fair Play
Cicuta (GB)
Ariadne Light Brigade (GB)
Adrienne
Miyako
Gr.,1935
John P. Grier Whisk Broom II
Wonder
La Chica
Gr.,1930
Sweep
La Grisette (IRE)

ReferenserRedigera

  1. ^ ”Native Dancer Profile”. www.equibase.com. http://www.equibase.com/profiles/Results.cfm?type=Horse&refno=342777&registry=T&rbt=TB. 
  2. ^ Roach, James (23 October 1952). ”Native Dancer Wins Ninth in Row to Break Earnings Mark; UNBEATEN COLT, 1-5, SCORES AT DISTANCE Native Dancer Earns $38,525 at Jamaica for 2-Year-Old Record of $230,495”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1952/10/23/archives/native-dancer-wins-ninth-in-row-to-break-earnings-mark-unbeaten.html. 
  3. ^ Roach, James (5 December 1952). ”VANDERBILT COLT IS HORSE OF YEAR; Native Dancer Named the 1952 American Champion -- Morris Is New T. R. A. President”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1952/12/05/archives/vanderbilt-colt-is-horse-of-year-native-dancer-named-the-1952.html. 
  4. ^ ”St. Petersburg Times: Native Dancer Horse of the Year”. news.google.com. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=KKxaAAAAIBAJ&pg=3415,2094278&dq=native-dancer+horse-of-the-year&hl=en. 
  5. ^ ”Greensburg Daily Tribune: Name One Count Horse of the Year”. news.google.com. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=9ZVWAAAAIBAJ&pg=1078,2616842&dq=one-count+horse-of-the-year&hl=en. 
  6. ^ Greatest Kentucky Derby Upsets – Blood-Horse Publications – Google Books. https://books.google.com/books?id=nKss8w61u2cC&q=%22Dark+Star%22+derby&pg=PA91. Läst 31 december 2011. 
  7. ^ ”Dark Star upsets Dancer”. Milwaukee Sentinel. 3 May 1953. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=65QxAAAAIBAJ&pg=7403,1153417&dq=dark-star&hl=en. 
  8. ^ ”Dark Star winner of the Derby in one of the greatest upsets”. Ottawa Citizen. 4 May 1953. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=qkw0AAAAIBAJ&pg=7146,664233&dq=dark-star&hl=en. 
  9. ^ Roach, James (3 May 1953). ”CHOICE JUST MISSES; Dark Star, $51.80, Pins 1st Loss in 12 Races on Native Dancer”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/05/03/archives/choice-just-misses-dark-star-5180-pins-1st-loss-in-12-races-on.html. 
  10. ^ Putnam, Pat. ”When Guerin and the Dancer Were out of Step” (på engelska). SI Vault. https://www.si.com/vault/1973/08/06/615705/when-guerin-and-the-dancer-were-out-of-step. 
  11. ^ ”TOM FOOL HORSE OF YEAR; Native Dancer Named Leading 3-Year-Old by Turf Experts”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/11/14/archives/tom-fool-horse-of-year-native-dancer-named-leading-3yearold-by-turf.html. 
  12. ^ ”Writers Pick Tom Fool As 'Horse of the Year'”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/12/17/archives/writers-pick-tom-fool-as-horse-of-the-year.html. 
  13. ^ Roach, James (23 August 1954). ”Native Dancer, Winner of 21 of 22 Races, Is Retired From Competition; VANDERBILT COLT WILL GO TO FARM Dancer Shows Signs of Old Foot Injury Following Fast Ten-Furlong Workout”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1954/08/23/archives/native-dancer-winner-of-21-of-22-races-is-retired-from-competition.html. 
  14. ^ ”Native Dancer Horse of Year”. St. Joseph News-Press. 27 november 1954. https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=xU1UAAAAIBAJ&pg=4723,6241249&dq=native-dancer+horse-of-the-year&hl=en. Läst 27 februari 2012. 
  15. ^ Roach, James (3 december 1954). ”Native Dancer Named Horse of Year”. New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1954/12/03/archives/native-dancer-named-horse-of-year-haskell-elected-t-r-a-president.html. Läst 27 februari 2012. 
  16. ^ Simon, Mary (2003). Racing Through the Century: The Story of Thoroughbred Racing in America. BowTie Press. ISBN 1-889540-92-7. 
  17. ^ ”Native Dancer's DNA the winner”. The Denver Post. 2 May 2008. https://www.denverpost.com/2008/05/02/native-dancers-dna-the-winner/. 
  18. ^ Hunter, Avalyn. ”Native Dancer (horse)” (på engelska). American Classic Pedigrees. http://www.americanclassicpedigrees.com/native-dancer.html. 
  19. ^ Hunter, Avalyn. ”Native Dancer (horse)” (på engelska). American Classic Pedigrees. http://www.americanclassicpedigrees.com/native-dancer.html. 
  20. ^ ”NATIVE DANCER, 17, DIES FROM TUMOR; Stomach Operation Fails to Save Racing Champion”. timesmachine.nytimes.com. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1967/11/17/129310092.html. 
  21. ^ Montgomery, E.S, "The Thoroughbred", Arco, New York, 1973 ISBN 0-668-02824-6
  22. ^ ”TRIUMPHS BY NECK; Master Fiddle Scores in the $63,300 Wood by Beating Tom Fool” (på engelska). timesmachine.nytimes.com. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1952/04/20/84251579.html. 
  23. ^ Roach, James (24 April 1952). ”Native Dancer Captures Jamaica Youthful by 6 Lengths; 9-10 SHOT TRIUMPHS OVER TRIBE IN DASH”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1952/04/24/archives/native-dancer-captures-jamaica-youthful-by-6-lengths-910-shot.html. 
  24. ^ Roach, James (5 August 1952). ”Native Dancer Triumphs as Racing at Saratoga Starts; FLASH STAKES WON BY 4-TO-5 FAVORITE Native Dancer Triumphs Over Tiger Ski”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1952/08/05/archives/native-dancer-triumphs-as-racing-at-saratoga-starts-flash-stakes.html. 
  25. ^ Roach, James (17 August 1952). ”DOUBLE FOR GUERIN; Jockey Rides One Count and Native Dancer to Saratoga Triumphs”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1952/08/17/archives/double-for-guerin-jockey-rides-one-count-and-native-dancer-to.html. 
  26. ^ Roach, James (24 August 1952). ”Native Dancer and One Hitter Take Spa Stakes Before Record 26,232; 26,232 AT SPA SEE NATIVE DANCER WIN”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1952/08/24/archives/native-dancer-and-one-hitter-take-spa-stakes-before-record-26232.html. 
  27. ^ Roach, James (31 August 1952). ”6 IN ROW FOR COLT; Unbeaten Native Dancer Earns $51,450 at Spa in 48th Hopeful TIGER SKIN RUNS SECOND” (på engelska). The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1952/08/31/archives/6-in-row-for-colt-unbeaten-native-dancer-earns-51450-at-spa-in-48th.html. 
  28. ^ Nichols, Joseph C. (23 September 1952). ”Parading Lady Captures Vosburgh at Belmont by Length and a Half”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1952/09/23/archives/parading-lady-captures-vosburgh-at-belmont-by-length-and-a-half.html. 
  29. ^ Roach, James (28 September 1952). ”Undefeated Juvenile Equals World Mark in 8th Victory; $107,545 FUTURITY TO NATIVE DANCER”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1952/09/28/archives/undefeated-juvenile-equals-world-mark-in-8th-victory-107545.html. 
  30. ^ Roach, James (23 October 1952). ”Native Dancer Wins Ninth in Row to Break Earnings Mark; UNBEATEN COLT, 1-5, SCORES AT DISTANCE Native Dancer Earns $38,525 at Jamaica for 2-Year-Old Record of $230,495”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1952/10/23/archives/native-dancer-wins-ninth-in-row-to-break-earnings-mark-unbeaten.html. 
  31. ^ Roach, James (19 April 1953). ”38,201 AT JAMAICA SEE NATIVE DANCER WIN 10TH STRAIGHT; Undefeated Colt, Making 1953 Debut, Takes First Section of Gotham by 2 Lengths”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/04/19/archives/38201-at-jamaica-see-native-dancer-win-10th-straight-undefeated.html. 
  32. ^ Roach, James (26 April 1953). ”NO. 11 FOR 1-10 SHOT; Unbeaten Native Dancer Takes $123,750 Wood in Romp at Jamaica”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/04/26/archives/no-11-for-110-shot-unbeaten-native-dancer-takes-123750-wood-in-romp.html. 
  33. ^ Roach, James (3 May 1953). ”CHOICE JUST MISSES; Dark Star, $51.80, Pins 1st Loss in 12 Races on Native Dancer”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/05/03/archives/choice-just-misses-dark-star-5180-pins-1st-loss-in-12-races-on.html. 
  34. ^ Roach, James (17 May 1953). ”1-20 CHOICE FIRST; Native Dancer Triumphs Easily in Three-Horse Race at Belmont”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/05/17/archives/120-choice-first-native-dancer-triumphs-easily-in-threehorse-race.html. 
  35. ^ Roach, James (24 May 1953). ”Native Dancer Takes Preakness”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/05/24/archives/jamie-k-is-second-arcaros-mount-extends-native-dancer-15-royal-bay.html. 
  36. ^ Roach, James (14 June 1953). ”Native Dancer Wins Belmont”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/06/14/archives/jamie-k-neck-back-native-dancers-strong-finish-takes-118600.html. 
  37. ^ Roach, James (5 July 1953). ”DWYER TO CHOICE; Native Dancer, 1 to 20, Wins Another”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/07/05/archives/dwyer-to-choice-native-dancer-1-to-20-wins-another-dictar-runnerup.html. 
  38. ^ Roach, James (19 July 1953). ”A 9-LENGTH ROMP; Native Dancer Beats Sir Mango”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/07/19/archives/a-9length-romp-native-dancer-beats-sir-mango-jamie-k-fifth-in.html. 
  39. ^ Roach, James (16 August 1953). ”COLT TAKES NO. 17; Native Dancer Scores by 5 1/2 Lengths”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/08/16/archives/colt-takes-no-17-native-dancer-scores-by-5-12-lengths-dictar-next.html. 
  40. ^ Nichols, Joseph C. (23 August 1953). ”FIRST BY 2 LENGTHS; Native Dancer Captures Rich Race Under Arcaro in Near-Record Time AMERICAN DERBY TO NATIVE DANCER”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1953/08/23/archives/first-by-2-lengths-native-dancer-captures-rich-race-under-arcaro-in.html. 
  41. ^ Roach, James (8 May 1954). ”Native Dancer Takes Belmont Sprint in His First Race Since Last August”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1954/05/08/archives/native-dancer-takes-belmont-sprint-in-his-first-race-since-last.html. 
  42. ^ Roach, James (16 May 1954). ”Native Dancer, 1 to 4, Takes Metropolitan at Belmont Park”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1954/05/16/archives/straight-face-2d-native-dancer-1-to-4-takes-metropolitan-at-belmont.html. 
  43. ^ Roach, James (17 August 1954). ”Native Dancer Outruns First Glance and Gigantic at Saratoga”. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1954/08/17/archives/native-dancer-outruns-first-glance-and-gigantic-at-saratoga.html. 
  44. ^ ”Pedigree of Native Dancer”. equineline.com. http://www.equineline.com/Free-5X-Pedigree.cfm/Native%20Dancer?page_state=DISPLAY_REPORT&reference_number=342777&registry=T&horse_name=Native+Dancer&foaling_year=1950&dam_name=Geisha.