En delstatlig domstol i USA (engelska: State court) är en domstol som är upprättad av delstatsstyret (engelska: State government) och som dömer under delstatlig jurisdiktion. Varje delstat har sitt eget rättssystem som bygger på en amerikansk rättstradition som i allt väsentligt härrör från common law.

Miami-Dade County Courthouse är en delstatlig domstolsbyggnad i centrala Miami som finns med i NRHP.
New York State Supreme Court Building vid 60 Centre Street på Lower Manhattan i New York är, namnet till trots, en av de lägre instanterna i delstaten New Yorks domstolssystem.

Huvuddelen av alla civil- och straffrättsliga mål i USA behandlas och avgörs i delstatliga domstolar. Parallellt med delstatliga domstolar finns det federala domstolar som är en del av den federala statsmakten och som dömer under federal jurisdiktion, men dessa är betydligt mindre i fråga om personal och de tar upp färre mål.[1]

Varje delstat är fri att organisera sitt domstolsväsen efter eget tycke, även om det finns vissa övergripande drag.[2] Den lägsta nivån på delstatlig domstol brukar vara en distriktsdomstol (engelska: District court), följt av en appellationsdomstol och en högsta instans. Vissa mål kan överklagas upp till USA:s högsta domstol i Washington, D.C. om målet berör konstitutionella frågor, men domstolen har diskretionär rätt att neka prövning.

Förhållande till federal rättRedigera

Även om USA:s konstitution och federal lagstiftning har företräde där det råder konflikt mellan federal och delstatlig lag, så innebär det inte att delstatliga domstolar är underställda federala domstolar eller vice versa. I det amerikanska systemet råder det istället en dualism mellan olika suveräniteter, därför finns det parallella domstolar med olika jurisdiktioner som ibland kan överlappa med varandra.

USA:s högsta domstol erkände 1938 i Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins att USA:s konstitution inte tilldelar federala domstolar möjligheten att lagpröva delstatlig lag. Artikel tre i konstitutionen uppräknar det federala domstolsväsendets makt, men att det endast berör "Förenta staternas lagar" och därmed inte de enskilda delstaternas lagar.

Lista över delstatliga domstolarRedigera

Nedan följer en lista över delstaterna domstolsväsen i tre steg från lägsta allmänna instans i rättegång till dess högsta instans. Flera av delstaterna har dock formellt 4 steg (Texas har 5 steg[3]) där den lägsta nivån behandlar speciella fall, exempelvis familjerätt, trafikbrott och mindre skadestånd.[4][5][6][7][8] I andra delstater existerar liknande instanser parallellt med den lägsta allmänna instansen eller ingår som en särskild avdelning inom den.

Delstat Lägsta instans Appellationsdomstol Högsta instans Not
  Alabama Circuit Court (41 juridiska distrikt) Alabama Court of Civil Appeals
Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
Alabama Supreme Court [9]
  Alaska Superior Court (4 distrikt) Alaska Court of Appeals Alaska Supreme Court [10]
  Arizona Superior Court (15 counties) Arizona Court of Appeals (2 avdelningar) Arizona Supreme Court [11]
  Arkansas Circuit Courts (23 domkretsar) Arkansas Court of Appeals Arkansas Supreme Court [12]
  Colorado District Court (22 juridiska distrikt) Colorado Court of Appeals Colorado Supreme Court [13]
  Connecticut Superior Court (13 juridiska distrikt) Connecticut Appellate Court Connecticut Supreme Court [14]
  Delaware Superior Court
Court of Chancery
(saknas) Delaware Supreme Court [4]
  Florida Circuit Court (20 domkretsar) Florida District Courts of Appeal (5 distrikt) Florida Supreme Court [15]
  Georgia Superior Court (49 domkretsar) Georgia Court of Appeals Supreme Court of Georgia [16]
  Hawaii Circuit Court (4 kretsar) Hawaii Intermediate Court of Appeals Supreme Court of Hawaii [17]
  Idaho District Court (7 rättsliga distrikt) Idaho Court of Appeals Idaho Supreme Court [18]
  Illinois Circuit Court (23 rättsliga kretsar) Illinois Appellate Court (5 distrikt) Illinois Supreme Court [19]
  Indiana Circuit Court (91 distrikt) Indiana Court of Appeals (5 distrikt) Indiana Supreme Court [20]
  Iowa District Court (8 distrikt) Iowa Court of Appeals Iowa Supreme Court [21]
  Kalifornien Superior Court (58 counties) California Courts of Appeal (6 appellationsdistrikt) Supreme Court of California [22]
  Kansas District Court (31 distrikt) Kansas Court of Appeals Kansas Supreme Court [23]
  Kentucky Circuit Court (57 circuits) Kentucky Court of Appeals Kentucky Supreme Court [24]
  Louisiana District Court (42 distrikt) Louisiana Circuit Courts of Appeal (5 kretsar) Louisiana Supreme Court [5]
  Maine Superior Court (saknas) Maine Supreme Judicial Court [25]
  Maryland Circuit Court (8 rättsliga kretsar) Maryland Court of Special Appeals Maryland Court of Appeals [26]
  Massachusetts Superior Court (14 avdelningar) Massachusetts Appeals Court Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court [27]
  Michigan Circuit Court (57 kretsar) Michigan Court of Appeals Michigan Supreme Court [28]
  Minnesota District Court (10 distrikt) Minnesota Court of Appeals Minnesota Supreme Court [29]
  Mississippi Circuit Court (22 distrikt)
Chancery Court (20 distrikt)
Mississippi Court of Appeals Mississippi Supreme Court [30]
  Missouri Circuit Court (45 kretsar) Missouri Court of Appeals (3 distrikt) Missouri Supreme Court [31]
  Montana District Court (22 rättsliga distrikt) (saknas) Montana Supreme Court [32][33]
  Nebraska District Court (12 distrikt) Nebraska Court of Appeals Nebraska Supreme Court [34]
  Nevada District Court (10 distrikt[35]) Nevada Court of Appeals Nevada Supreme Court [6]
  New Hampshire Superior Court (saknas) New Hampshire Supreme Court [36]
  New Jersey Superior Court (15 grannskap) Superior Court, Appellate Division New Jersey Supreme Court [37]
  New Mexico District Court (13 rättsliga distrikt) New Mexico Court of Appeals New Mexico Supreme Court [38]
  New York Supreme Court (12 rättsliga distrikt)
County Court (57 counties)
New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division (4 avdelningar) New York Court of Appeals [39]
  North Carolina Superior Court (46 distrikt) North Carolina Court of Appeals North Carolina Supreme Court [7]
  North Dakota District Court (7 rättsliga distrikt) (saknas) North Dakota Supreme Court [40]
  Ohio Court of Common Pleas (88 counties) Ohio District Courts of Appeals (12 distrikt) Ohio Supreme Court [41]
  Oklahoma District Court (26 rättsliga distrikt) Oklahoma Court of Civil Appeals Oklahoma Supreme Court
Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals
[42]
  Oregon Circuit Court (27 rättsliga distrikt) Oregon Court of Appeals Oregon Supreme Court [43]
  Pennsylvania Court of Common Pleas (60 rättsliga distrikt) Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania
Superior Court of Pennsylvania
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania [44]
  Rhode Island Superior Court (saknas) Rhode Island Supreme Court [8]
  South Carolina Circuit Court (16 kretsar) South Carolina Court of Appeals South Carolina Supreme Court [45]
  South Dakota Circuit Court (7 kretsar) (saknas) South Dakota Supreme Court [46]
  Tennessee Circuit Court (31 rättsliga distrikt)
Criminal Court (31 rättsliga distrikt)
Chancery Court (31 rättsliga distrikt)
Tennessee Court of Appeals (3 storavdelningar)
Tennessee Court of Criminal Appeals (3 storavdelningar)
Tennessee Supreme Court [47]
  Texas District Court (457 distrikt[48]) Texas Courts of Appeals (14 distrikt) Texas Supreme Court
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
[3]
  Utah District Court (8 distrikt) Utah Court of Appeals Utah Supreme Court [49]
  Vermont Superior Court
District Court
Family Court
(saknas) Vermont Supreme Court [50]
  Virginia Circuit Court (31 rättsliga distrikt) Court of Appeals of Virginia Virginia Supreme Court [51]
  Washington Superior Court (39 counties) Washington Court of Appeals (3 avdelningar) Washington Supreme Court [52]
  West Virginia Circuit Court (31 rättsliga distrikt) (saknas) West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals [53]
  Wisconsin Circuit Court (10 rättsliga förvaltningsdistrikt) Wisconsin Court of Appeals (4 distrikt) Wisconsin Supreme Court [54]
  Wyoming District Court (9 distrikt) (saknas) Wyoming Supreme Court [55]

Se ävenRedigera

ReferenserRedigera

Den här artikeln är helt eller delvis baserad på material från engelskspråkiga Wikipedia, State court (United States), tidigare version.

NoterRedigera

  1. ^ Manweller, Mathew (2006). ”Chapter 2, The Roles, Functions, and Powers of State Courts”. i Hogan, Sean O.. The Judicial Branch of State Government: People, Process, and Politics. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. Sid. 37-96. ISBN 9781851097517. https://www.google.com/books/edition/The_Judicial_Branch_of_State_Government/ong5k8n97P4C?hl=en&gbpv=1&&pg=PA55&printsec=frontcover. Läst 5 oktober 2020. 
  2. ^ Oakley, John B.; Amar, Vikram D. (2009). American Civil Procedure: A Guide to Civil Adjudication in US Courts. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International. Sid. 41. ISBN 9789041128720. https://www.google.com/books/edition/American_Civil_Procedure/ga8WMXi4i4QC?hl=en&gbpv=1&pg=PA41&printsec=frontcover. 
  3. ^ [a b] ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Texas” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-texas/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”In Texas, the judiciary has five general levels. The Justice Courts and Municipal Courts are the lowest level courts, focusing on cases involving specific subject matter, such as traffic violations, small claims, evictions, and truancy. The County Courts also hear cases with specific subject matter, such as misdemeanors, probate, and juvenile matters. The District Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Texas Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Texas Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  4. ^ [a b] ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Delaware” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-delaware/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”In Delaware, the judiciary has four general levels. The Justice of the Peace Courts and Alderman's Courts are the lowest level courts, focusing on cases involving issues like certain misdemeanors, small claims, and motor vehicle cases. The Court of Common Pleas is the trial court for civil cases totaling less than $75,000 and misdemeanors not handled by the Justice of the Peace and Alderman's Courts. The Family Court also hears specific cases regarding family and juvenile matters at this level. The next level consists of the Delaware Superior Courts, which have original jurisdiction in some criminal and civil cases and act as an intermediate appellate court for appeals from the Court of Common Pleas, Family Courts, and some state agency rulings, and the Courts of Chancery, which have jurisdiction related to equity cases. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  5. ^ [a b] ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Louisiana” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-louisiana/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”In Louisiana, the judiciary has four general levels. The Mayor's Courts, Justices of the Peace Courts, City Courts, Parish Courts, and Family and Juvenile Courts are lower-level courts that focus on cases involving specific subject matter, such as traffic violations, small claims, and misdemeanor offenses. The District Courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction, but can also have appellate jurisdiction over certain criminal cases tried by Mayor's, City, and Parish Courts, and some cases tried by Justice of the Peace Courts in parishes where no Parish Court exists. The Louisiana Courts of Appeal act as the intermediate appellate court. The Louisiana Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  6. ^ [a b] ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Nevada” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-nevada/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”In Nevada, the judiciary has four general levels. The Municipal Courts and Justice Courts are the lowest level courts, which focus on cases involving specific subject matter, such as traffic violations, small claims, and misdemeanor offenses. The District Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Nevada Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Nevada Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  7. ^ [a b] ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. North Carolina” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-north-carolina/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”In North Carolina, the judiciary has four general levels. The State District Court is the lowest level court focusing on cases involving specific subject matter, such as traffic violations, small claims, and misdemeanor offenses. The Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  8. ^ [a b] ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Rhode Island” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-rhode-island/judicial. ”In Rhode Island, the judiciary has four general levels. The Traffic Tribunal is the lowest level, focusing on cases involving non-criminal traffic offenses. The Workers' Compensation Court, District Court, and Family Court are courts of limited jurisdiction hearing matters involving workers' compensation, lesser criminal and civil matters, and family matters. The Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Rhode Island Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  9. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Alabama” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-alabama/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”In Alabama, the judiciary has three general levels. The Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction; the Court of Civil Appeals hears civil appeals; the Court of Criminal Appeals hears criminal appeals; and the Alabama Supreme Court is the highest appellate court.” 
  10. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Alaska” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-alaska/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Superior Court of Alaska is the trial court of general jurisdiction; the Alaska Court of Appeals hears criminal appeals; and the Alaska Supreme Court is the highest appellate court, hearing primarily civil cases.” 
  11. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Arizona” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-arizona/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Arizona judiciary is made up of three general levels. There are courts of limited jurisdiction at the municipal level. The court of general jurisdiction is the Superior Court. At the appellate level, there is the Court of Appeals, which acts as an intermediate appellate court, and the Supreme Court, which is the highest appellate court.” 
  12. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Arkansas” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-arkansas/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Arkansas Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Arkansas Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Arkansas Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  13. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Colorado” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-colorado/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”In Colorado, the judiciary has three general levels. The District Courts hear most cases at the trial level; the County Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain matters, and Water Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over matters involving water rights. The Colorado Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court. The Colorado Supreme Court is the highest appellate court.” 
  14. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Connecticut” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-connecticut/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Connecticut Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Connecticut Appellate Court acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Connecticut Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  15. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Florida” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-florida/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”In Florida, the judiciary has four courts with different responsibilities. The lowest levels are the two trial courts, the County Trial Court and the Circuit Trial Court. The District Courts of Appeal hear appeals from lower courts. The Florida Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in Florida.” 
  16. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Georgia” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-georgia/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Georgia Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Court of Appeals of Georgia acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Supreme Court of Georgia is the highest court in the state.” 
  17. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Hawaii” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-hawaii/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Circuit Court is the court of general jurisdiction. The Intermediate Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Hawaii Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  18. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Idaho” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-idaho/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”In Idaho, the judiciary has three general levels. The District Courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction. The Idaho Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court. The Idaho Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  19. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Illinois” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-illinois/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”In Illinois, the judiciary has three general levels. The Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Illinois Appellate Court acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Illinois Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  20. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Indiana” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-indiana/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The Circuit Courts and Superior Courts are the are the courts of general jurisdiction. The Court of Appeals of Indiana and the Indiana Tax Court act as intermediate appellate courts. The Indiana Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  21. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Iowa” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-iowa/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”In Iowa, the judiciary has three general levels. The State District Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. Within the District Courts there are probate, juvenile, and magistrate judges who exercise limited jurisdiction on certain legal matters. The Iowa Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Iowa Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  22. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. California” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-california/judical. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”In California, the judiciary has three general levels. The Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction; the Courts of Appeal act as the intermediate appellate court; and the California Supreme Court is the highest court in California.” 
  23. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Kansas” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-kansas/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The District Courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction. The Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Kansas Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  24. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Kentucky” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-kentucky/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Supreme Court of Kentucky is the highest court in the state.” 
  25. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Maine” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-maine/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. Maine does not have an intermediate appellate court. Instead the Supreme Judicial Court, also called the Maine Law Court, is the sole appellate court.” 
  26. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Maryland” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-maryland/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Maryland Court of Special Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Maryland Court of Appeals is the highest court in the state.” 
  27. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Massachusetts” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-massachusetts/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction; the Boston Municipal Court, Housing Court, and Land Court also hear specific cases at this level. The Massachusetts Appeals Court acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Supreme Judicial Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  28. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Michigan” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-michigan/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Michigan Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Michigan Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Michigan Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  29. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Minnesota” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-minnesota/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Minnesota District Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Minnesota Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Minnesota Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  30. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Mississippi” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-mississippi/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The Circuit Courts and Chancery Courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction. The Mississippi Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Mississippi Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  31. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Missouri” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-missouri/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The Circuit Court is the court of general jurisdiction and is normally broken down into various divisions, such as associate circuit, small claims, municipal, family, probate, criminal, and juvenile. The Missouri Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Missouri Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  32. ^ ”About Judicial Branch” (på engelska). courts.mt.gov. Montana Judicial Branch. https://courts.mt.gov/AboutUs. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Judicial power of the State of Montana is vested in the following:
    • The Supreme Court, consisting of a Chief Justice and six Associate Justices
    • The District Courts
    • The Workers' Compensation Court
    • The Water Court
    • The Courts of Limited Jurisdiction, which include Justice Courts, Municipal Courts, and City Courts.
      Unlike most state court systems and the federal judiciary, Montana does not have an intermediate appellate court. Consequently, the Supreme Court hears direct appeals from all of the District Courts across Montana, as well as from the Workers' Compensation Court and the Water Court. Because people have a right to an appeal and there is no intermediate appellate court for Montanans to go to, the Montana Supreme Court does not have discretion to turn down appeals; it must take them all and resolve them.” 
  33. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Montana” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-montana/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The District Courts are the courts of general jurisdiction; however, the Water Court and Workers' Compensation Court have jurisdiction over limited matters. The Montana Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  34. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Nebraska” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-nebraska/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The Nebraska District Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Nebraska Supreme Court is the highest court in the stat” 
  35. ^ ”Archived copy”. Archived copy. http://supreme.nvcourts.gov/Supreme/Court_Information/About_the_Nevada_Judiciary/.  Arkiverad 18 maj 2014 hämtat från the Wayback Machine.
  36. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. New Hampshire” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-new-hampshire/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The New Hampshire Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The New Hampshire Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  37. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. New Jersey” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-new-jersey/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The New Jersey Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division acts as the intermediate appellate court. The New Jersey Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  38. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. New Mexico” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-new-mexico/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The New Mexico District Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The New Mexico Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The New Mexico Supreme Court is the highest court in the state” 
  39. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. New York” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-new-york/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Supreme Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Appellate Division of the Supreme Court acts as intermediate appellate courts. The New York Court of Appeals is the highest court in the state.” 
  40. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. North Dakota” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-north-dakota/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”In North Dakota, the judiciary has three general levels. The Municipal courts are the lowest level, which focus on cases involving specific subject matter, such as traffic violations, small claims, and misdemeanor offenses. The District Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The North Dakota Supreme Court is the highest court in North Dakota.” 
  41. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Ohio” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-ohio/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”In Ohio, the judiciary has three general levels. The trial court level is made up of the Courts of Common Pleas, the Court of Claims, Municipal Courts, and Mayor's Courts. The Ohio Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court of Ohio. The Ohio Supreme Court is the highest court in Ohio.” 
  42. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Oklahoma” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-oklahoma/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The District Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Court of Civil Appeals acts as an intermediate appellate court for civil matters. The Court of Criminal Appeals acts as the highest appellate court in criminal matters. The Oklahoma Supreme Court acts as the highest appellate court in civil matters.” 
  43. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Oregon” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-oregon/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The Oregon Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Oregon Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Oregon Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  44. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Pennsylvania” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-pennsylvania/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The Court of Common Pleas is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Superior Court and Commonwealth Court act as intermediate appellate courts, with the Superior Court having jurisdiction over most civil and criminal matters, while the Commonwealth Court hears matters involving government regulations. The Pennsylvania Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  45. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. South Carolina” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-south-carolina/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction; the Family Court and Master-in-Equity also exist at this level, hearing specific cases. The Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The South Carolina Supreme Court is the highest court in the state” 
  46. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. South Dakota” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-south-dakota/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The South Dakota Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The South Dakota Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  47. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Tennessee” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-tennessee/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The State Trial Courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction, separated into the Circuit Courts, Chancery Courts, Criminal Courts, and Probate Courts. The Appeals Court and the Criminal Appeals Court are the intermediate appellate courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court.” 
  48. ^ http://www.txcourts.gov/media/10753/court-overview.pdf
  49. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Utah” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-utah/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Utah District Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Utah Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Utah Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  50. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Vermont” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-vermont/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The Vermont Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Vermont Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  51. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Virginia” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-virginia/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Virginia Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Supreme Court of Virginia is the highest court in the state.” 
  52. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Washington” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-washington/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Washington Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Washington Supreme Court is the highest court in the state” 
  53. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. West Virginia” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-west-virginia/judicial. Läst 14 augusti 2021. ”The West Virginia Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia is the highest court in the state.” 
  54. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Wisconsin” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-wisconsin/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Circuit Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Court of Appeals acts as the intermediate appellate court. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 
  55. ^ ”Guide to Law Online: U.S. Wyoming” (på engelska). Research Guides. Library of Congress. https://guides.loc.gov/law-us-wyoming/judicial. Läst 13 augusti 2021. ”The Wyoming District Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction. The Wyoming Supreme Court is the highest court in the state.” 

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